Meaning Behind Playing Cards


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Meaning Behind Playing Cards

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Meaning Behind Playing Cards Newsletter Video

10 SECRETS Hidden in a Deck of Playing Cards

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Karten ziehen und so auslegen. 10/13/ · Understanding the combinations is also important. Remember that while the numbered cards are representative of phases in your life, the court cards, which are the Jacks, Kings, and Queens, are symbolic of the people who are a part of your life. Playing Card . Playing Cards, the Suits and the Four Elements As you know, a single deck is divided into four suits: spades, hearts, clubs and diamonds. These four suits are known as swords, cups, wands and pentacles. They correspond to the four elements: fire, water, air and earth. These have hidden meanings that some people believe in. Here are the correspondences of the playing cards' suits: Spades Swords Fire . 4/6/ · Number cards usually relate to events that will occur soon. Here is a list of what each playing card in a standard deck of 52 cards means in a cartomancy meaning. Hearts. A well recognized symbol of our feelings, the hearts suit relates to things that are very close to you. These playing cards provide insight into your home, family, and emotions.

The suit of coins is in reverse order with 9 of coins being the lowest going up to 1 of coins as the high card.

Despite the wide variety of patterns, the suits show a uniformity of structure. Every suit contains twelve cards with the top two usually being the court cards of king and vizier and the bottom ten being pip cards.

Half the suits use reverse ranking for their pip cards. There are many motifs for the suit pips but some include coins, clubs, jugs, and swords which resemble later Mamluk and Latin suits.

Michael Dummett speculated that Mamluk cards may have descended from an earlier deck which consisted of 48 cards divided into four suits each with ten pip cards and two court cards.

By the 11th century, playing cards were spreading throughout the Asian continent and later came into Egypt. They are dated to the 12th and 13th centuries late Fatimid , Ayyubid , and early Mamluk periods.

In fact, the word "Kanjifah" appears in Arabic on the king of swords and is still used in parts of the Middle East to describe modern playing cards.

Influence from further east can explain why the Mamluks, most of whom were Central Asian Turkic Kipchaks , called their cups tuman which means myriad in Turkic, Mongolian and Jurchen languages.

The Mamluk court cards showed abstract designs or calligraphy not depicting persons possibly due to religious proscription in Sunni Islam , though they did bear the ranks on the cards.

Panels on the pip cards in two suits show they had a reverse ranking, a feature found in madiao, ganjifa , and old European card games like ombre , tarot , and maw.

A fragment of two uncut sheets of Moorish -styled cards of a similar but plainer style was found in Spain and dated to the early 15th century.

Export of these cards from Cairo, Alexandria, and Damascus , ceased after the fall of the Mamluks in the 16th century. The earliest records of playing cards in Europe is believed by some researchers to be a ban on card games in the city of Berne in , [39] [40] although this source is questionable.

Among the early patterns of playing card were those probably derived from the Mamluk suits of cups, coins, swords, and polo-sticks, which are still used in traditional Latin decks.

In the account books of Johanna, Duchess of Brabant and Wenceslaus I, Duke of Luxembourg , an entry dated May 14, , by receiver general of Brabant Renier Hollander reads: "Given to Monsieur and Madame four peters and two florins, worth eight and a half sheep, for the purchase of packs of cards".

From about to [57] professional card makers in Ulm , Nuremberg , and Augsburg created printed decks. Playing cards even competed with devotional images as the most common uses for woodcuts in this period.

Most early woodcuts of all types were coloured after printing, either by hand or, from about onwards, stencils. These 15th-century playing cards were probably painted.

The Flemish Hunting Deck , held by the Metropolitan Museum of Art , is the oldest complete set of ordinary playing cards made in Europe from the 15th century.

The names pique and spade , however, may have derived from the sword spade of the Italian suits. In the late 14th century, Europeans changed the Mamluk court cards to represent European royalty and attendants.

In a description from , the earliest courts were originally a seated " king ", an upper marshal that held his suit symbol up, and a lower marshal that held it down.

In England, the lowest court card was called the "knave" which originally meant male child compare German Knabe , so in this context the character could represent the "prince", son to the king and queen; the meaning servant developed later.

Although the Germans abandoned the queen before the s, the French permanently picked it up and placed it under the king. Packs of 56 cards containing in each suit a king, queen, knight, and knave as in tarot were once common in the 15th century.

In , the Mistery of Makers of Playing Cards of the City of London now the Worshipful Company of Makers of Playing Cards was incorporated under a royal charter by Charles I ; the Company received livery status from the Court of Aldermen of the City of London in During the mid 16th century, Portuguese traders introduced playing cards to Japan.

Packs with corner and edge indices i. The first American-manufactured French deck with this innovation was the Saladee's Patent, printed by Samuel Hart in This was followed by the innovation of reversible court cards.

This invention is attributed to a French card maker of Agen in But the French government, which controlled the design of playing cards, prohibited the printing of cards with this innovation.

In central Europe Trappola cards and Italy Tarocco Bolognese the innovation was adopted during the second half of the 18th century.

In Great Britain, the pack with reversible court cards was patented in by Edmund Ludlow and Ann Wilcox. The French pack with this design was printed around by Thomas Wheeler.

Sharp corners wear out more quickly, and could possibly reveal the card's value, so they were replaced with rounded corners. Before the midth century, British, American, and French players preferred blank backs.

The need to hide wear and tear and to discourage writing on the back led cards to have designs, pictures, photos, or advertising on the reverse.

The United States introduced the joker into the deck. It was devised for the game of euchre , which spread from Europe to America beginning shortly after the American Revolutionary War.

In euchre, the highest trump card is the Jack of the trump suit, called the right bower from the German Bauer ; the second-highest trump, the left bower , is the jack of the suit of the same color as trumps.

The joker was invented c. Columbia University 's Rare Book and Manuscript Library holds the Albert Field Collection of Playing Cards, an archive of over 6, individual decks from over 50 countries and dating back to the s.

Since , Vanderbilt University has been home to the 1,volume George Clulow and United States Playing Card Co.

Gaming Collection , which has been called one of the "most complete and scholarly collections [of books on cards and gaming] that has ever been gathered together".

Contemporary playing cards are grouped into three broad categories based on the suits they use: French, Latin, and Germanic. Latin suits are used in the closely related Spanish and Italian formats.

The Swiss-German suits are distinct enough to merit their subcategory. Excluding jokers and tarot trumps, the French card deck preserves the number of cards in the original Mamluk deck, while Latin and Germanic decks average fewer.

Latin decks usually drop the higher-valued pip cards, while Germanic decks drop the lower-valued ones. Within suits, there are regional or national variations called "standard patterns.

Some patterns have been around for hundreds of years. Jokers are not part of any pattern as they are a relatively recent invention and lack any standardized appearance so each publisher usually puts its own trademarked illustration into their decks.

The wide variation of jokers has turned them into collectible items. Any card that bore the stamp duty like the ace of spades in England, the ace of clubs in France or the ace of coins in Italy are also collectible as that is where the manufacturer's logo is usually placed.

Usually the cards have their indices printed in the upper left and lower right corners, assuming they will be held in the left hand of a right-handed person.

This design is often uncomfortable for left-handed people who may prefer to hold their cards in the right hand.

Cards have long been utilized by military forces. Where weight and size are important factors, playing cards make for an easily packed form of entertainment.

Due to this factor, playing cards have been utilized in war efforts several times throughout history. There is a total of 12 court cards in a deck.

They are more commonly referred to as face cards. These face cards represent actual people from history. They are:.

What we know as a jack now was originally called a knave. This was changed in due to the probability for confusion in the card abbreviations. The abbreviation for knave was Kn.

This was too similar to the K used for the king. The next time you play a card game, you will probably look at playing cards differently.

At the very least, you now have some good tidbits of information to use at the card tables. Toggle navigation.

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History of Playing Cards Most experts agree that the origin of playing cards dates back over years to 9th century China.

Cards and the Calendar Comparisons between playing cards and the calendar seem to be most prevalent. Here are the most common ones: The four suits consist of 13 cards each.

They represent the four quarters of the year, which have 13 weeks each. This is the same number of days in the year. Many say the second joker represents the leap year of days.

Their argument is this: Each suit consists of 13 cards and is said to represent the 13 months of the lunar year. The Suits Another highly-debated aspect of playing card interpretation is the meaning of the suits in the deck.

Some of the common beliefs regarding the representation of suits in the deck are: The four suits represent the four phases of the moon, which are new, first quarter, full, and waning or last quarter.

The four suits represent four seasons. This is also a reference to tarot cards, which have similar divisions.

The four classes are believed to be represented by the suits of the deck. But queens, on the other hand, have changed with the times, and locations.

In fact, in Spanish decks they were actually supplanted by knights. The ace card supposedly has its roots in political actions.

There does seem to be evidence of some kinds of games involving playing cards and drinking! If correct, it would place the origins of playing cards before AD, and it would see them as originating alongside or even from tile games like dominoes and mahjong.

Some have suggested that the playing cards first functioned as "play money" and represented the stakes used for other gambling games, and later became part of the games themselves.

Others have proposed connections between playing cards and chess or dice games, but this is again speculative. It is very possible that playing cards made their way from China to Europe via Egypt in the Mamluk period, with decks from that era having goblets cups , gold coins, swords, and polo-sticks, which represent the main interests of the Mamluk aristocracy, and bear parallels to the four suits seen in Italian playing cards from the 14th century.

But we cannot even be totally sure that playing cards did first appear in the East; and it may even be that the first ancestors of the modern deck of playing cards were first created in Europe after all, as an independent development.

So let's head to Europe, to the earliest confirmed reference to playing cards there, which we find in a Latin manuscript written by a German monk in a Swiss monastery.

In the manuscript dated , our German monk friend Johannes from Switzerland mentions the appearance of playing cards and several different card games that could be played with them.

In the s playing cards often appear along with dice games in religious sermons as examples of gambling activities that are denounced, and there is clear evidence that a 52 card deck existed and was used in this time.

The suit signs in the first European decks of the 14th century were swords, clubs, cups, and coins, and very likely had their origin in Italy, although some connect these with the cups, coins, swords, and polo-sticks found on Egyptian playing cards from the Mamluk period.

At any rate these are still the four suits still found in Italian and Spanish playing cards today, and are sometimes referred to as the Latin suits.

The court cards from the late 14th century decks in Italy typically included a mounted king, a seated and crowned queen, plus a knave. The knave is a royal servant, although the character could also represent a "prince", and would later be called a Jack to avoid confusion with the King.

Spanish cards developed somewhat differently, the court cards being a king, knight, and knave, with no queens. The Spanish packs also didn't have a 10, and with the absence of 8s and 9s in the national Spanish game of ombre , it resulted in a 40 card deck.

The first playing cards in European Italy were hand-painted and beautiful luxury items found only among the upper classes.

But as card playing became more popular, and methods were developed to produce them more cheaply, playing cards became more widely available. It was only natural that this new product eventually spread west and north, and the next major development occurred as a result of their reception in Germany, and one historian has described their rapid spread as "an invasion of playing cards", with soldiers also assisting their movement.

To establish themselves as a card-manufacturing nation in their own right, the Germans introduced their own suits to replace the Italian ones, and these new suits reflected their interest in rural life: acorns, leaves, hearts, and bells; the latter being hawk-bells and a reference to the popular rural pursuit of falconry.

The queen was also eliminated from the Italian courts, and these instead consisted of a King and two knaves, an obermann upper and untermann under.

Meanwhile the Two replaced the Ace as the highest card, to create a 48 card deck. Custom decks abounded, and suit symbols used in the novelty playing cards from this era include animals, kitchen utensils, and appliances, from frying pans to printers' inkpads!

The standard German suits of acorns, leaves, hearts, and bells were predominant, however, although in nearby Switzerland it was common to see a variation using flowers instead of leaves, and shields instead of hearts.

The Germanic suits are still used in parts of Europe today, and are indebted to this period of history. But the real contribution of Germany was their methods of printing playing cards.

Using techniques of wood-cutting and engraving in wood and copper that were developed as a result of the demand for holy pictures and icons, printers were able to produce playing cards in larger quantities.

This led to Germany gaining a dominant role in the playing card trade, even exporting decks to Western Europe, which had produced them in the first place!

Eventually the new suit symbols adopted by Germany became even more common throughout Europe than the original Italian ones.

Meanwhile early in the 15th century, the French developed the icons for the four suits that we commonly use today, namely hearts, spades, diamonds, and clubs, although they were called coeurs, piques, carreaux, and trefles respectively.

It is possible that the clubs trefles derive from the acorns and the spades pikes from the leaves of the German playing cards, but they may also have been developed independently.

The French also preferred a king, queen, and knave as their court cards. But the real stroke of genius that the French came up with was to divide the four suits into two red and two black, with simplified and clearer symbols.

This meant that playing cards could be produced with stencils, a hundred times more quickly than using the traditional techniques of wood-cutting and engraving.

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Meaning Behind Playing Cards

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